The isolation unit is designed with seven isolation rooms, and is distinguished from a normal intensive care unit by the airlock in front of the patient room, and patient toilet built into the isolation room. In addition, the isolation rooms are operated in a partial vacuum, unlike a traditional ICU. The rooms are arranged in a row, and are surrounded by the necessary supply rooms. Cabinet systems are built into the airlocks to keep key supplies accessible.
An isolation unit of this size is designed for a district or university clinic. A real-life implementation begins with an observation and understanding of real-world workflow. In order to establish work sequences starting in the planning phase, workflows have been created for the staff, the patients and the materials. These are helpful for designing an efficient flow of work within the department.